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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Formal and functional analyses of the chipped stone tools from Bâb Edh-dhrâ, Jordan found in the catalog.

Formal and functional analyses of the chipped stone tools from Bâb Edh-dhrâ, Jordan

Mark A. McConaughy

Formal and functional analyses of the chipped stone tools from Bâb Edh-dhrâ, Jordan

by Mark A. McConaughy

  • 4 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by University Microfilms International in Ann Arbor .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Stone implements.,
  • Prehistoric peoples -- Tools.,
  • Bronze age -- Jordan.,
  • Bāb edh-Dhrāʻ Site (Jordan) -- Antiquities

  • Edition Notes

    StatementMark A. McConaughy.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsGN778.4.J6 M33
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 431 leaves ;
    Number of Pages431
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14772459M

    Download CE Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (SDEE) Books Lecture Notes Syllabus Part A 2 marks with answers CE Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (SDEE) Important Part B 16 marks Questions, PDF Books, Question Bank. , and the results of analysis of lithic debris recovered in situ in the and seasons comprise this study. This analysis examines specific chipped stone artifacts and the debris resulting from stone tool manufacture at the site to determine the followdng.

      The stone tools from Lomekwi 3 look different than Oldowan tools. Right now, there are many more questions than answers surrounding the Lomekwi tools. For example, anthropologists don’t know what species made the tools or if there are even older stone tools yet to be found. Anthropologists are actively making new discoveries to answer those. McConaughy, M.A. () Formal and Functional Analysis of Chipped Stone Tools from Bab edh-Dhra’. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. McConaughy, M.A. () Chipped Stone Tools. In Preliminary Report of the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain, Jordan, eds. W.E. Rast and R.T. Schaub, pp.

    Title: Chipped stone analysis in the reconstruction of prehistoric subsistence practices an example from southwestern New Mexico (Microform) Publication Type. a machine bed (Manufacturer: Indira Machine Tools Ltd.) is selected for the complete analysis for static loads. Then investigation is carried out to reduce the weight of the machine bed, reduce the stress induced in the lathe bed and to reduce the displacement. In this work, the 3D.


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Formal and functional analyses of the chipped stone tools from Bâb Edh-dhrâ, Jordan by Mark A. McConaughy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ôabal Na'ja: chipped stone tools. Table 1 - Gabal Na'ja: chipped stone tools. The method used to examine the pieces was that developed during postgraduate research into micro- wear analysis (7) and is based upon several hundred experiments.

This technique used the evidence of tool form (gross morphology, edge shape and angle), edge scarring Cited by: 8. A Late Prehistoric period buffalo kill and butchering site in northern Wyoming (Site 48 JO ) produced a large number of stone tools.

Flakes removed in sharpening stone tools provided much of the interpretation of the activity that occurred at the site and in addition gave a number of ideas concerning tool use and by: Cite this Record. Functional Analysis of Certain Chipped Stone Tools. George C. Frison. American Antiquity.

33 (2): (tDAR id: )Cited by: MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF CHIPPED STONE TOOLS FROM BARTON RAMIE, BRITISH HONDURAS Richard WILK This paper was originally intented to be a firm functional base for the re-organization of the standard Kidder-Coe typology of Mayan stone tools, through the use of wear-pattern analysis.

In the presentCited by: 1. Technological Analysis of the Formal Chipped Stone Tool Assemblage from Old Town (LA ) with Obsidian Provenance Studies from Selected.

Aggregate Analysis in Chipped Stone Edited by Christopher T Hall, Mary Lou Larson Less than two decades ago, archaeologists considered lithic debitage, the flakes and debris left from the manufacture of stone tools, little more than uninformative waste. functional analysis.

According to the works considering the problems of chipped stone artefacts in Star~evo culture published so far it is rather conspicuous that from the typological point of view the Neolithic period witnessed a decrease in the quantity of types and that many specialized types and their variants, which characterized the Late.

McConaughy, M.A. Formal and Functional Analyses of the Chipped Stone Tools from Bâb edh-Dhrâ, Jordan. Doctoral thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh.

McConaughy, M.A.Chipped Stone Tools. In: Preliminary Report of the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain, Jordan. Variations in the form of an original nodule or block exerted a strong influence on sizes and shapes of ground stone tools at certain Levantine prehistoric sites (20).

Fig. - Techniques in ground stone lithic reduction. Technological terms. Terms for ground stone reduction follow many of the definitions used for chipped stone. Start studying Oldowan Stone Tools. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. becomes ‘functional analysis’, primarily on stone tools.

Prior to examinations of tools for wear traces, there was a significant reliance on the ‘speculative functional approach’, in which the form of a tool was used to determine or predict its function (e.g. Nilsson–,Lubbock,seeBrézillon, p22–23).

The shift from stone to metal has been considered one of the main technological transformations in the history of humankind.

In order to observe the dynamics underlying the disappearance of chipped stone tools and their replacement with metal implements, we adopt an approach which combines two different levels of analysis. At the first, by focusing on the Southern Levant as a case study, we.

Residue analysis. Stone tool residue analysis has its origins in North America (e.g., [1,2,33–35]) but developed a strong research tradition in Australia, following thesis research in the early s by Fullagar [], and after Tom Loy moved to Australia in [].Much of the earlier research focussed on microscopically distinct structures such as starch grains, phytoliths and blood cells (e.

The Ilipinar chipped stone industry is characterized by flake manufacturing and flake transformation into retouched tools. The other main feature is blade pro-duction, mostly used for manufacturing, the use of unmodified blades. The frequency of blade tools is low, and the blade perforators as its best diagnostic features may be considered.

McConaughy, M.A.Formal and Functional Analyses of the Chipped Stone Tools from Bâb edh- Dhrâ, Jordan. Ph.D. dissertation at the Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, p.

Researchers who analyze stone tools and their production debris have made significant progress in understanding the relationship between stone tools and human organizational strategies. Stone tools are understood to be morphologically dynamic throughout their use-lives; the ever-changing morphology of stone tools is intimately associated with the needs of tool users.

Chip-stone axes appear in the early Mesolithic period. This picture is represents stone chip axes from that period in time. The axes were made from larger pieces of flint and then shaped into a usable tool. The heavy axe would have been used for labor-intensive tasks such as tree removal and processing.

The axes would have been outfitted with thick wooden handles. Using stone tools to butcher animal carcasses or to process soft plant matter results in very little wear or edge‐attrition. Stone tools used as aids to carpentry, on the other hand, dull rapidly and require frequent retouch.

Retouched flake tools become somewhat more common among African Early Paleolithic assemblages around – Ma. Used cobbles (ground stone tools) help identify a range of tasks related to basic domestic activities associated with subsistence.

Here, we combine techno-morphological analysis and the study of use-wear patterns with intra-site spatial analysis of tool distribution at the Font del Ros SG unit (southeastern Pre-Pyrenees, Spain).

The production of purposefully fractured stone tools with functional, sharp cutting edges is a uniquely derived hominin adaptation. In the long history of life on earth, only hominins have adopted this remarkably expedient and broadly effective technological strategy.

C. CHIPPED STONE FLAKING DEBRIS AND STONE TOOL ANALYTIC METHODS Stanley A. Ahler In the present section that deals specifically with methodology, we draw directly and in some cases verbatim on discussions of methodology written by Ahler for those projects (Ahler et al.

; Ahler and Smail ).We discuss minimumanalytical nodules (MAN) and their analysts (MANA) as a means of further understanding chipped stone technological organization.

We use several case studies from the Northwest Plains and Rocky Mountain chipped stone assemblages ranging in age from more than to years old in order to address implications for forager. 2. Stone toolmaking action hierarchies. Analysis of toolmaking action sequences is not new in archaeology.

For over 30 years, the châine opértoire approach has focused on describing the processes of Palaeolithic tool production, based on insights gained from the experimental replication and the ‘reading’ of production scars left on tools (e.g.

[12,17]).